Segregation is the separation of biodegradable waste from non biodegradable waste for proper disposal and recycling.
Improper segregation may cause mixing in landfills. This in turn can lead to toxic release in the ground and eventual contamination of ground water. Methane gas is likely to be released in such circumstances, which is one of the most harmful greenhouse gases.
Proper segregation leads to proper recycling. Most of the waste can be reused and recycled. However, improper segregation process can cause many things to be left out from the recycling process.
What most of us don't realise is that unsegregated waste from households is sorted by ragpickers. They segregate waste with their bare hands. Often glass and other waste objects may cause cuts and bruises and also infection leading to severe illnesses.
What can you do?
The process of segregation is as simple as its definition. It can be easily carried out at home using just two dustbins – one for dry waste and the other for wet waste. Dry waste (non biodegradable) follows a completely different process of recycling from wet waste (biodegradable). Start segregating waste in the kitchen dustbin and move on to the rest of the house.
A little caution on your part can make a lot of difference.